Read e-book online An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between PDF

By Umut Uzer

ISBN-10: 160781465X

ISBN-13: 9781607814658

During this e-book, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area level within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. partially based on the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals begun propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to well known books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the help of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first resources written through the nationalists, this quantity takes under consideration how political advancements prompted Turkish nationalism and likewise tackles the query of the way an ideology that started as a innovative, innovative, forward-looking perfect finally remodeled into person who is conservative, patriarchal, and mawkish to the Ottoman and Islamic earlier. among Islamic and Turkish id is the 1st booklet in any language to comprehensively study Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.

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17 Sami used the term “Türkistan” { 20 } The Emergence of Turkish Nationalism instead of “Türkiye” (Turkey) and called the Ottoman state a Turkish state. 18 Before continuing the discussion of early nationalists it is useful to note the rise of Young Ottomans in the late nineteenth century in order to comprehend the political context at the time. The early stirrings of nationalism can be found in the efforts to create an Ottoman nation and the accompanying vocabulary, such as “motherland” (vatan), which became a Turkish conception of the motherland in the late nineteenth century.

Türk Yurdu was later to become the journal of the Turkish Hearth. Under the headline it included the slogan “It works for the benefit of the Turks” (“Türklerin Faidesine Çalışır”). Mahmud Bay Hasanof from Orenburg in Russia financially supported this society. 60 Turkish Homeland was to integrate into the Turkish Hearth, which was established by the same figures. Türk Yurdu was to survive as the name of the journal of the Turkish Hearth. The most important association in the history of Turkish nationalism was the Turkish Hearth (Türk Ocağı).

43 Of course the point was that no nationalism had existed in the heyday of the Ottomans, roughly from the fifteenth to the seventeenth century, and a policy of Turkification was not implemented even when the state was extremely strong. 44 Therefore Young Turk policies during World War I were largely driven by strategic and pragmatic considerations. The Balkan Wars of 1912–13 heralded the end of Ottomanism initiated during the Tanzimat period, “a secular state ideology” that envisaged political equality among all the peoples in the empire regardless of religion and ethnicity.

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An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity by Umut Uzer

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