By Peter Grose
An ungainly: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: Allen & UnwinАвтор(ы): Peter GroseЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2009Количество страниц: 281ISBN: 9781741756432Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 2,3 mbDarwin was once a conflict Australia might quite disregard. but the japanese assault on 19 February 1942 was once the 1st wartime attack on Australian soil. the japanese struck with an identical carrier-borne strength that devastated Pearl Harbor basically ten weeks past. there has been a distinction. extra bombs fell on Darwin, extra civilians have been killed, and extra ships have been sunk. The raid ended in the worst loss of life toll from any occasion in Australia. The attackers bombed and strafed 3 hospitals, flattened retailers, workplaces and the police barracks, shattered the submit place of work and communications centre, wrecked executive condo, and left the harbour and airfields burning and ruined. the folks of Darwin deserted their city, leaving it to looters, a couple of anti-aircraft batteries and a handful of dogged defenders with single-shot .303 rifles. but the tale has remained within the shadows. Drawing on long-hidden records and first-person debts, Peter Grose tells what quite occurred and takes us into the lives of the folk who have been there. there has been a lot to be happy with in Darwin that day: braveness, mateship, decision and improvisation. however the darkish part of the tale comprises looting, desertion and a calamitous failure of management. Australians ran away simply because they didn't recognize what else to do. soaking up, lively and fast paced, a clumsy fact is a compelling and revealing tale of the day battle quite got here to Australia, and the motley bunch of squaddies and civilians who have been left to safeguard the country. RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Additional resources for An Awkward: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942
The second wharf, generally known as Town Wharf, was built on the same site in 1904 and remained Darwin’s only wharf until the Japanese raid. It could take no more than two ships at a time, one berthed on the inside and one on the outside. The railway line from Birdum in the south led ultimately to the wharf. Tracks ran along the wharf itself for about 100 metres. Then, for reasons known only to the original designer, the wharf turned a right angle, known as the ‘Elbow’. On the elbow was a turntable operated by a steam-driven ‘donkey engine’.
An Awkward Truth 9/1/09 12:59 PM Page 27 Chapter 3 Horribly strained relations he Japanese fought on the allied side in the First World War but felt cheated of a proper reward for their part in the victory over Germany. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930 limited Japanese sea power to 60 per cent of the sea strength of the United States and of Britain. Japan had asked for 70 per cent. The Japanese based their demands on a fairly simple calculation. Military orthodoxy at the time said that a navy needed to be able to field 150 per cent of the enemy’s strength before it could be confident of mounting a successful attack.
By now the ships’ anti-aircraft batteries had come to life, as had some of the land batteries, and Fuchida’s wing did not have things all their own way. As he recalled later: ‘Dark grey puffs burst all around. Suddenly my plane bounced as if struck by a club. As soon as the bomb dropped clear, Fuchida lay on the cockpit floor of his aircraft and opened the vision panel to watch the result. Altogether he could see four bombs falling, and they grew smaller and smaller until he lost sight of them.
An Awkward: The bombing of Darwin, February 1942 by Peter Grose