Alexander the great failure : the collapse of the Macedonian - download pdf or read online

By John D Grainger

ISBN-10: 1847251889

ISBN-13: 9781847251886

Alexander's dying was once no longer unpredictable: he suffered repeated wounds in the course of his lifetime, and multiple introduced him close to dying; he drank an excessive amount of; he constructed a fever, in which he persisted to drink an excessive amount of; he believed he used to be a god; he omitted his doctor's information; he used to be confronted with large difficulties which he deliberate to circumvent through happening crusade ... As a last act of irresponsibility, whilst requested to whom Read more...

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Athens’ enmity was not something to be conjured away by eliminating a pretender, and the possibility of it recovering control of Amphipolis was ominous. Thessaly had been troublesome for Macedonia repeatedly for the past 20 years, either in the persons of Thessalians, or from Thebes by way of Thessaly. There were even closer potential Trojan horses: the Greek cities which lay along the two sides of the Thermaic Gulf, Pydna and Methone (Athens’ base with Argaios), and the reviving league of Chalkidian cities, an old intermittent 30 A L E X A N D E R T H E G R E AT F A I L U R E enemy.

It was a small city but well fortified, and its people defended the city stoutly. Philip was severely wounded by an arrow in the process, but went on to force surrender, the terms being that the people could leave with what they could carry. 31 The fighting in the past three years had dealt with Macedon’s closest enemies. Bardylis, the Chalkidian League, Ketriporis, Lyppeios, the Athenian bases at Pydna, Methone and Potidaia were all reduced to the status of subjects or allies, often after smashing military defeats.

9 How much of all this Philip II knew when he became king is not certain, but he was clearly familiar from his years in Thebes with the condition of Greece. Living in the house of Pammenes, a prominent Theban politician, in the 360s, will have been an education in power politics and political manipulation few contemporary places could match. The power of Syracuse was a familiar thing, and Dionysios had certainly extended his influence to the mainland, proudly displaying his wealth at the Olympic Games, just as Philip’s ancestor, Alexander I, had argued his way into the competition a century before, and just as Philip himself was to do later.

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Alexander the great failure : the collapse of the Macedonian Empire by John D Grainger


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