By Alexander, of Aphrodisias.; Aristotle.; Barnes, Jonathan
In Metaphysics 4 Aristotle discusses the character of metaphysics, the fundamental legislation of good judgment, the falsity of subjectivism and the differing kinds of ambiguity. the total, transparent statement of Alexander of Aphrodisias in this very important e-book is right here translated into English through Arthur Madigan. Alexander is going via Aristotle's textual content virtually line by way of line, getting to the logical series of the arguments, noting locations the place Aristotle's phrases will endure multiple interpretation and staining version readings. He time and again cross-refers to the De Interpretatione, Analytics, Physics and different works of Aristotle, hence putting Metaphysics 4 within the content material of Aristotle's philosophy as an entire
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Extra resources for Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle, Prior analytics 1.1-7
It is a commonplace to distinguish three kinds of syllogism (cf. g. Albinus, Didasc. 158H); but note that at Conv. 57-9 Alexander adds a fourth kind, the 'examinatory' syllogism (see above 1,4; cf. g. Ammonius, in An. Pr. 2,18-29). At in An. Pr. 2,29-3,30, Ammonius offers a schematic derivation of the division of syllogisms into their kinds (cf. Philoponus, in An. Pr. 2,22-4,14). 50 For analysis in Alexander see also in An. Pr. 275,32-7; Quaest. 4,4-7. g. Albinus, Didasc. 156-7H; Ammonius, in An.
The other term is the subject (hupokeimenon, as we have already remarked). The verb kategorein has compounds, antikategorein, 'counterpredicate', and proskategorein, 'copredicate'. There is also an adjective kategorikos: as we have said, it is used specifically to designate affirmative propositions; but it is also used generically to designate simple propositions,134 and hence 130 The point later aroused controversy: see Barnes (1991). The participle is usually in the feminine, huparkhousa, agreeing with an unexpressed protasis.
In Greek, as in English, it is natural to take part and whole as mutually exclusive things; hence if A is en holoi tdi B, it might seem to follow that A is not en merei toi B. But in Aristotle's logic, 'Every A is B' entails 'Some A is B'; hence in this context wholes and parts are not mutually exclusive. (In the modern jargon, 'part' here does not mean 'proper part'). 125 126 See Barnes (1988), pp. 240-2. Later authors preferprosdiorismos. Introduction 29 commentators all speak of four - 'Every', 'Some', 'No' and 'Some ...
Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle, Prior analytics 1.1-7 by Alexander, of Aphrodisias.; Aristotle.; Barnes, Jonathan