Aeschines and Athenian Politics - download pdf or read online

By Edward M. Harris

ISBN-10: 0195082850

ISBN-13: 9780195082852

ISBN-10: 1423736699

ISBN-13: 9781423736691

Filling an important hole in scholarship, this is often the 1st full-length examine of the Athenian baby-kisser Aeschines. besides Isocrates, Aeschines used to be some of the most fashionable Athenian politicians who endorsed pleasant ties with the Macedonian king Philip II. notwithstanding overshadowed through his well-known rival Demosthenes, Aeschines performed a key function within the decisive occasions that marked the increase of Macedonian energy in Greece and shaped the transition from the Classical to the Hellenistic interval. 3 lengthy speeches by way of Aeschines, all added in court docket battles together with his opponent Demosthenes, were preserved and supply us with precious information regarding Athenian politics in the course of a tremendous turning aspect in Greek background. This research of Aeschines' political profession examines the reliability of court docket speeches as ancient facts and indicates how they assist show how democratic associations really functioned in Athens whilst confronted with the increase of Macedonian strength.

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A man who prosecuted too frequently might acquire a reputation for being a sykophantes, one who prosecuted for private gain or slandered the rich and powerful out of envy at their good fortune. Success in the courts might thrust one suddenly into the political spotlight, but a humiliating defeat could plunge a man into permanent ignominy. Even success in court was not without danger. Every man whom a politician brought into court would become his sworn enemy. The more one prosecuted, the more numerous one's enemies became.

During the early years of the fourth century the Athenians were too weak to continue these efforts, but the founding of the confederacy inspired them to revive their ambitions in the area. Around 370 they officially renewed their claim to Amphipolis. The following decade witnessed a series of unsuccessful campaigns, led first by Iphicrates, then by Timotheus, to regain the city. 5 Getting to Know Philip 43 The continuing struggle to recapture Amphipolis became something of an obsession, dominating all Athenian strategy in northern Greece right down to the Peace of Philocrates in 346 when it was one of the central issues discussed by Aeschines during the First Embassy to Philip.

Their former eagerness to build an empire led to the disaster at Syracuse and the humiliating surrender to Sparta in 404. Daring should give way to caution, Aeschines counseled. 3 Others, like Aeschines' friend Eubulus, concentrated on improving public finances so that Athens would never again be forced to make peace for lack of money. It was probably during these years that Xenophon composed his On Revenues, a work which contained several practical suggestions for increasing public revenues. Demosthenes, too, was not without ideas.

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Aeschines and Athenian Politics by Edward M. Harris


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