By Jonathan Dean Sarris
Most american citizens give some thought to the Civil warfare as a sequence of dramatic clashes among sizeable armies led by means of romantic-seeming leaders. yet within the Appalachian groups of North Georgia, issues have been very diversified. targeting Fannin and Lumpkin counties within the Blue Ridge Mountains alongside Georgia’s northern border, A Separate Civil struggle: groups in clash within the Mountain South argues for a extra localized, idiosyncratic realizing of this momentous interval in our nation’s historical past. The e-book finds that, for lots of members, this struggle used to be fought much less for summary ideological factors than for purposes tied to domestic, kin, neighbors, and community.
Making use of a big trove of letters, diaries, interviews, govt records, and sociological information, Jonathan Dean Sarris brings to lifestyles a formerly obscured model of our nation’s such a lot divisive and damaging battle. From the outset, the possibility of secession and warfare divided Georgia’s mountain groups alongside the strains of race and faith, and battle itself in basic terms heightened those tensions. because the accomplice govt started to draft males into the military and grab offers from farmers, many mountaineers turned extra disaffected nonetheless. They banded jointly in armed squads, battling off accomplice squaddies, kingdom military, and their very own pro-Confederate associates. an area civil warfare ensued, with either side seeing the opposite as a possibility to legislation, order, and neighborhood itself. during this very own clash, either factions got here to dehumanize their enemies and use equipment that surprised even pro infantrymen with their savagery. but if the conflict was once over in 1865, each one faction sought to sanitize the earlier and combine its tales into the nationwide myths later popularized concerning the Civil warfare. by means of arguing that the cause of selecting facets had extra to do with neighborhood issues than with competing ideologies or social or political visions, Sarris provides a much-needed difficulty to the query of why males fought within the Civil War.
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So much american citizens consider the Civil warfare as a sequence of dramatic clashes among sizeable armies led through romantic-seeming leaders. yet within the Appalachian groups of North Georgia, issues have been very assorted. concentrating on Fannin and Lumpkin counties within the Blue Ridge Mountains alongside Georgia’s northern border, A Separate Civil battle: groups in clash within the Mountain South argues for a extra localized, idiosyncratic realizing of this momentous interval in our nation’s heritage.
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Extra resources for A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South
At three hundred bushels, the county’s annual production of this staple was well below the regional average. There are many other possible explanations for Fannin’s low corn output, including poorer land and smaller farms than in many other Appalachian counties. 53 But these debates were irrelevant to many other Fannin residents. Many could not afford the comparative luxury of owning their own property. Arable land was scarce in the heights of the Blue Ridge, and the wealthiest people soon bought up most of it.
They constructed a strong set of social networks that found full expression during their leisure time—holidays, evening dances, hunting and fishing expeditions, and corn-shuckings. And they also created a quasi-independent slave economy that gave a measure of power over their own lives. Even though he worked long, exhausting hours in the fields, Tom Singleton often hired himself out to white yeoman farmers near his Lumpkin County home. He worked through “bright moonshiney nights,” cutting wood and mending fences, to make the extra cash his master allowed him.
In 1843, large deposits of copper were discovered near Ducktown, Tennessee, just across the state line, giving rapid rise to a mining boom that energized the entire border region. By the early 1850s, copper veins had been discovered in northern Fannin County, and several mining companies had located there. As in Lumpkin County, mining connected Fannin to the outside world. Northern and Southern financiers invested more than $300,000 in mines in the northern part of the county, mines that employed over one hundred people directly or indirectly.
A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South by Jonathan Dean Sarris